Archaeologists cracked upon a tomb excavated in Alexandria, Egypt last month. They revealed three skeletons bathed in crimson pool of sludgy sewage. After the tomb, the archaeologists founds the world’s oldest solid cheese there which is considered to be over 3,000 years in the making.
The ancient tomb called tomb of Ptahmes, mayor of Memphis is a treasure trove. It was first uncovered in 1885. Between 2013 and 2014, Cairo University archaeologists found few broken jars in the tomb. The jars had remnants of a solid whitish mass and canvas fabric which researchers speculate was used to cover the jar to preserve the contents. In order to find out what the whitish mass was, the researchers led by Enrico Greco, a chemical scientist at the University of Catania in Italy, dissolved the substance and analysed its contents. The lump contained bits of proteins.
In the tomb, archaeologists have also found traces of dairy on artefacts which are an evidence of ancient cheesemaking. The cheese had traces of bacterial protein because of which it is speculated that this is some highly overmatured cheese – the Brucella. The day scientists confirm the speculations, this cheese will turn out to be the oldest evidence yet that Brucella plagued ancient populations. The bacteria protein on the cheese comes with symptoms including fever, sweating and muscle pain.
If the cheese is given hefty dose of decontamination, it can pair well with a glass of ancient wine.
Lead Image Courtesy: Knowridge Science Report