Salt for centuries has had a permanent place in the life of human beings. Ancient civilization believed salt was sacred and a gift from God. It has been used as money and wars have been waged for the quest for the sacred salt. Even the Roman soldiers were paid in salt and the word ‘salary’ was derived from it, entire economies were based solely on salt production and trade.. The salt production prior to Industrialisation was expensive, dangerous and extremely labor intensive to harvest large quantity for food preservation and seasoning. The other danger related to salt was the accidental excessive sodium intake.
The ancient salt mines in Cuzco, Peru has thousand of pools of salt, where it has been a source of salt since ancient pre-Incan civilisations and now-a-days comprise about 3,000 small pools constructed on the slope of a mountain at the Urubamba valley in the Andean region of Cuzco. This salt lake is incredible as the salt water is sourced from the river coming down the mountain. The water is directed through man-made channel system that fills the different flats into salt water pools. The pools are then dried out leaving only the salt in the flat to be harvested.
These pools are created for each family who farm and sell the salt from the pool. In fact, whenever there is a new family member is born, an additional pool is added, that is given to that family member. This unique system of thousand pool of salt is a major tourist attraction and a sight to behold and admire.